Urban Cores and Landscape Zones

The city of Dessau-Roßlau decided to radically restructure its city centre. Step by step, an extensive landscape zone is being created in the middle of the city, enclosing individual urban islands. As a guiding idea, the city formulated the concept of urban cores and landscape zones as part of IBAIBA Internationale Bauausstellung Stadtumbau 2010.

In the early 2000s, the fact that demographic shrinkage and economic structural change required new approaches to urban development could no longer be ignored in Dessau-Roßlau. Together with the Bauhaus Dessau Foundation and the IBA office, the city organised an interdisciplinary planning workshop. Instead of a rigid master plan, stakeholders focused on guidelines and agreements for a period of 30 years. In terms of urban space, the concept draws on the historical structure of the old settlement centres. In between, new inner-city landscapes are gradually being created on demolition sites of vacant industrial plants and residential buildings only. Individual industrial monuments remain as testimony to the city’s history. The sites of the demolished buildings are renaturalised and are gradually merging together to form a new landscape. Citizens and associations from Dessau are also designing and maintaining the open spaces.

This concept will change the urban space fundamentally over an extended period. To involve the citizens in this process, continuous communication between the city and the residents is essential. Dessau-Roßlau is also a pioneer in landscape use as part of urban development, as construction and landscape are treated equally. As a result, new landscape zones are linked to historic parks in the city and region – making the city of Dessau-Roßlau “garden realm”.

Further IBAIBA Internationale Bauausstellung